Previous studies

All the studies listed below were carried out in educational contexts. Many are old, impressionistic and lacked clear objectives and a sound methodology, and thus their findings should be regarded with caution. Others were more methodologically sound, and finding from these may be viewed more favourably.  Despite these inconsistencies, trends nevertheless consistently suggest that a study of Esperanto can be of benefit to children in their future language learning.

Previous studies

1918–21     Girls’ County School, Bishop Auckland, UK
1920           Green Lane School, Eccles, UK
1922           League of Nations Official Enquiry, Geneva, Switzerland
1924           Wellesley College, Ohio, USA
1925–31     Columbia University, New York, USA (Prof. E. Thorndike)
1934–35     Public High School, New York, USA
1947–51     County Grammar School, Sheffield, UK (University of Sheffield)
1948–61     Egerton Park School, Manchester, UK
1950–63     Somero, Finland (Ministry of Education)
1962–63     Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary (Prof. I. Szerdahelyi)
1971–74     22 classes from Italy, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Bulgaria
1972–73     Scuola Elementare Dante, Forlì, Italy (Ministry of Education)
1975–77     300 pupils from Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Netherlands
1977–83     University of Paderborn, Germany (Prof. H. Frank)
1983–88     Scuola Media, San Salvatore di Cogorno, Italy
1993           Official Report: Ministry of Education, Italy
1994–97     Monash University, Victoria, Australia (Prof. A. Bishop)  Ekparoli Project